Exhibition of Machzorim Manuscripts at Oxford.jpg

Oxford University Chabad Society presents an exhibition of

HIGH HOLIDAY MACHZOR PRAYER BOOK MANUSCRIPTS  

From the Bodleian Library

At the Slager Jewish student centre, 61 George Street, Oxford, OX1 2BQ

This exhibition of rare manuscript images presents an overview of the development of the Machzor prayer book used on the holiest days in the Jewish calendar - Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year) and Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) over a thousand year period. For more info or to view the exhibition, contact info@oxfordchabad.org. Open daily - Mon-Thurs, 12-5pm.

 MACHZORIM IMAGES ON DISPLAY: 

MS. Bodley Or. 167.pngMaḥzor for the Days of Awe and Tabernacles, Western Ashkenazi rite

MS. Bodley Or. 167

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1275 - 1325

Fol. 1a Hamelech (The King) – illuminated

 

MS. Marshall Or. 7 (4).pngMaḥzor for the entire year, Western Ashkenazi rite

MS. Marshall Or. 7

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1334

Fol. 146b Adirei Ayuma (Shacharit Rosh Hashanah) – Rabbi Elazar Kalir

 

MS. Canonici Or. 100 (2).pngMaḥzor for the Days of Awe and Tabernacles, Sephardi rite

MS. Canonici Or. 100

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1301 - 1500

Fol. 19b Shofar with notes

 

MS. Bodley Or. 167 (5).pngMaḥzor for the Days of Awe and Tabernacles, Western Ashkenazi rite

MS. Bodley Or. 167

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1275 - 1325

Fol. 51a Kol Nidrei, Ya’aleh piyut – five verses

 

MS. Michael 619 (1).pngMaḥzor for the High Holidays (Rosh ha-Shanah and Yom Kipur), Western Ashkenazi rite (Tripartite Maḥzor, volume 3)

MS. Michael 619

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1320 - 1330

Description: Volume 3 of a 3-volume prayer book. Volumes 1 and 2 are Library of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Kaufmann Collection MS A384 and British Library MS Add. 22413.

Fol. 100b Kol Nidrei (illuminated)

 

MS. Michael 619 (2).pngMaḥzor for the High Holidays (Rosh ha-Shanah and Yom Kipur), Western Ashkenazi rite (Tripartite Maḥzor, volume 3)

MS. Michael 619

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1320 - 1330

Description: Volume 3 of a 3-volume prayer book. Volumes 1 and 2 are Library of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Kaufmann Collection MS A384 and British Library MS Add. 22413.

Fol. 101a Kol Nidrei

 

MS. Bodley Or. 501 (1).pngMaḥzor for Yom Kipur, Western Ashkenazi rite

MS. Bodley Or. 501

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1326 - 1375

Fol. 1a Kol Nidrei (illuminated)

 

 

MS. Canon. Or. 141 (1).pngMaḥzor for the Days of Awe, Western Ashkenazi rite

MS. Canon. Or. 141

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1375 - 1425

Fol. 77a Kol Nidrei – B’yeshiva shel ma’alah in the margin, instituted by German Rabbi Meir of Rothenburg (1215-1293)

 

 

MS. Canonici Or. 47.png Maḥzor in Yiddish for the Days of Awe, Yotserot, Ashkenazi rite

MS. Canonici Or. 47

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1526 - 1575

Language: Yiddish

Kil Nidrei

 

MS. Bodley Or. 5 (1).pngMaḥzor for Yom Kipur, Sephardi rite (Aragon)

MS. Bodley Or. 5

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1301 - 1400

Fol. 4b Kol Nidrei - annulment of vows for past year according to Sephardic custom

 

MS. Canonici Or. 18 (3).pngMaḥzor for the entire year, Italian rite, with additional texts (Torah) in the margins

MS. Canonici Or. 18

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1450 - 1500

Fol. 182a Kol Nedarim - in Hebrew

 

MS. Oppenheim Add. 8° 1.pngMaḥzor for the Days of Awe, rite of Catalonia

MS. Oppenheim Add. 8° 1

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1300 - 1500

Fol. 70b – Tefilat Yom Kippur (no Kol Nidrei)

 

 

MS. Michael 619 (3).pngMaḥzor for the High Holidays (Rosh ha-Shanah and Yom Kipur), Western Ashkenazi rite (Tripartite Maḥzor, volume 3)

MS. Michael 619

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1320 - 1330

Description: Volume 3 of a 3-volume prayer book. Volumes 1 and 2 are Library of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Kaufmann Collection MS A384 and British Library MS Add. 22413.

Fol. 105b Ya’aleh piyut – four verses

 

MS. Bodley Or. 501 (4).pngMaḥzor for Yom Kipur, Western Ashkenazi rite

MS. Bodley Or. 501

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1326 - 1375

Fol. 2a Ya’aleh piyut – three verses

 

 

MS. Canon. Or. 141 (3).png Maḥzor for the Days of Awe, Western Ashkenazi rite

MS. Canon. Or. 141

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1375 - 1425

Fol. 83b Ya’aleh piyut – three verses with variation

 

 

MS. Canonici Or. 140 (2).png Maḥzor for the entire year, Western Ashkenazi rite

MS. Canonici Or. 140

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1270 - 1280

Description: Continuation of MS. Canonici Or. 139.

Fol. 48b Amnon kein (margin) – composed Rabbi Yom Tov of York - killed in the massacre of 1190

 

MS. Canonici Or. 140 (3).pngMaḥzor for the entire year, Western Ashkenazi rite

MS. Canonici Or. 140

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1270 - 1280

Description: Continuation of MS. Canonici Or. 139.

Fol. 49a Amnom ashameinu atzmu m’saper; Ki hinei k’chomer (margin) - unknown author

 

MS. Huntington 80 (2).pngMishneh Torah (Sefer ha-Madaʻ. Sefer Ahavah)

Maimonides, Moses [author]

MS. Huntington 80

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1181 - 1204

Description:Corrected with the original, as confirmed by Maimonides in an autograph. Poems in honour of Maimonides at the beginning by Joseph ben Simon, Ḥasdai Ḥalabi, Yitsḥaḳ ben Aldanan, Judah ben Solomon Harizi and an anonymous writer; one at the end by Ḥananʼel ben Karʼatha.

Fol. 181b Al chataim with corrections in margin

 

MS. Marshall Or. 42 (3).pngMaḥzor for the Days of Awe and Sukkot, Western Ashkenazi rite

MS. Marshall Or. 42

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1376 - 1400

Fol. 141a Al Yisroel Emunaso (Shacharit Yom Kippur)

 

MS. Canonici Or. 95 (5).pngMaḥzor for the Days of Awe and Tabernacles, Western Ashkenazi rite

MS. Canonici Or. 95

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1326 - 1375

Fol. 226a censored piyut (Shacharit Yom Kippur) - Adabra Tachnunim K’rash V’evkeh

Author: Rabbi Kalonymous Ben Yehudah.

Acrostic, followed by name of the author.

 

MS. Huntington 484 (2).pngMaḥzor for the High Holidays (Italian rite)

MS. Huntington 484

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1440 - 1460

Fol. 72a Unesaneh Tokef piyut

 

 

MS. Reggio 2 (9).pngMaḥzor for the entire year, Western Ashkenazi rite

MS. Reggio 2

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1291 - 1325

Description: Second volume of a two-volume set. Second volume contains Yom Kipur, Sukot and Śimḥat Torah. First volume (MS. Reggio 1) contains Four Special Sabbaths, Passover, Shavuot, and Rosh ha-Shanah.

Fol. 127b Oleinu (Ein od acher)

 

MS. Bodley Or. 501 (5).pngMaḥzor for Yom Kipur, Western Ashkenazi rite

MS. Bodley Or. 501

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1326 - 1375

Fol. 195b Hayom T’amtzeinu (End of Musaf)

 

 

MS. Bodley Or. 501 (6).png Maḥzor for Yom Kipur, Western Ashkenazi rite

MS. Bodley Or. 501

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1326 - 1375

Fol. 240a P’sach lanu sha’ar (Ne’ilah closing prayer)

 

 

MS. Marsh 574 (1).png Sefer Mitsṿot Ḳaṭan (The Small Book of Commandments)

Isaac ben Joseph, of Corbeil [author]

MS. Marsh 574

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1320 - 1330

Description:Contains marginal texts: Samson ben Zadok, Tashbets (ff. 2r-77r). Jacob of Marvège, Sheʾelot u-teshuvot min ha-shamayim (ff. 77r-87v). Meir ben Baruch of Rothenburg, Berakhot Maharam (ff. 88r-101r). Pesuḳe nidah (ff. 101v-109v).

Fol. 28a – Laws of Shofar

 

Etz Chaim (1) copy.jpgEtz Chaim – Laws of Yom Kippur

English compendium of Jewish law

University of Liepzig Library

Rabbi Jacob ben Judah Chazan of London

Date: written in 1287

Display: The custom to wave a chicken round one’s head on the day before Yom Kippur - dating back to the Gaonic period.

 

MS. Oppenheim Add. fol. 48 (1).pngSefer ha-Batim (Responsa)

Rabbi Solomon ben Abraham Adret (1235-1310 - Barcelona)

MS. Oppenheim Add. fol. 48

Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford

Date: 1476 - 1500

Description: Volume 1 of a 2-volume set. For volume 2, see MS. Oppenheim Add. fol. 49.

Fol. 38a Responsa